Contents of the volume

2020, Volume 73 - Issue 4

ISSN: 2499-8265
RSS feed citation: At RePEc
Publication date: 19 November 2020


Luigi Attanasio

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Elena Seghezza

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Oluwole Owoye, Olugbenga A. ONAFOWORA

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Lorenzo Esposito, Giuseppe Mastromatteo

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Giuseppe Profiti

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Georgios Garafas, Dimitrios DIMITRIOU

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Nicola Acocella

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Genoa Chamber of Commerce
Economia Internazionale / International Economics

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Corresponding author

Lorenzo ESPOSITO, Bank of Italy, Milan Branch and Economic Policy Department, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan, Italy


Giuseppe MASTROMATTEO, Economic Policy Department, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan, Italy

When the Contagion Effect Went Live: The First Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic




The CoViD-19 pandemic has changed world history and sparked a huge debate among social scientists. In this work, we concentrate on the initial (two months of) institutional responses to the pandemic in the advanced economies, by analyzing the discussions in the press and in the scientific literature. These first analyses of the pandemic represent the “instinctive” and “automatic” responses of the economic profession, on one side, and policymakers on the other, to the emergency, which allows for an interesting overview of the progression of events.

We will deal with the international and domestic measures aimed at countervailing the collapse of income and production, the new role of governments and central banks in the economy, and how the adopted anti-shock measures have already forced some countries to shift their institutional economic policy framework. This is especially relevant for the European Union, since the Stability and Growth Pact can be seen as one of the first ‘victims’ of the virus, as well as possibly its financial system, which has also succumbed to a contagion effect. Finally, we will discuss if and how economic theory will be able to come forth with new ideas and provide novel and viable solutions.

JEL classification

E5, F50, H1, I10


Pandemic, Crisis, Financial Stability, Economic Policy


  1. The first data
  2. The immediate reactions
  3. Long lasting effects
  4. What the world productive system could look like after the pandemic
  5. Political issues
  6. The Eurozone
  7. The role of prices and the future of economic theory
  8. Conclusions


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