2016, Volume 69 - Issue 3
RSS feed citation: at CitEc
Publication date: 01 August 2016
MILITARY SPENDING-HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION NEXUS: A HETEROGENEOUS PANEL DATA APPROACHRead the article
LIBERALIZATION OF TRADE WITH THE EFTA COUNTRIES: SOME EVIDENCE FROM BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINARead the article
DETERMINANTS OF WESTERN BALKAN EMIGRATION FLOWS: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSISRead the article
Visar MALAJ, Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics, University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania
Stefano DE RUBERTIS, Department of Economics Sciences, Faculty of Economics, University of Salento, Lecce, Italy
The decision to migrate is a function of push and pull factors. Push factors include social and economic problems in the origin country, such as human rights violation, poverty, war, natural catastrophes etc. On the other hand, migrants are attracted by pull factors in the destination countries, such as high income per capita, common language, security etc. This study is focused on the emigration phenomenon in Western Balkans and on the corresponding determinants. We estimate a particular gravity equation, including two original independent variables, related with two typical concerns for the Western Balkans: corruption and unemployment. According to the diagnostic tests, the estimated model fits well the data. Governments of Western Balkan countries should orient their policies toward the mitigation of social and economic inequality, the elimination of corruption and of the culture of impunity, and the creation of new jobs. This will lead to a sustainable economic growth and to the reduction of the number of reasons to leave the country. Authorities should implement drastic reforms and concrete measures, based on high quality studies and on successful models of former communist countries, in order to come out of the long and dark tunnel of transition.
C23, J11, J61, O15
Western Balkans, Gravity Model of Migration, Migration Determinants
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