Indice del volume

2016, Volume 69 - Issue 3

ISSN: 2499-8265
Citationi RSS feed: at CitEc
Data di pubblicazione: 01 agosto 2016

MILITARY SPENDING-HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION NEXUS: A HETEROGENEOUS PANEL DATA APPROACH

Emmanuel Anoruo, Uchenna Akpom

Leggi l'articolo

LIBERALIZATION OF TRADE WITH THE EFTA COUNTRIES: SOME EVIDENCE FROM BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

Safet Kurtovic, Blerim Halili, Nehat Maxhuni, Sead Talovic

Leggi l'articolo

DETERMINANTS OF WESTERN BALKAN EMIGRATION FLOWS: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS

Visar Malaj, Stefano De Rubertis

Leggi l'articolo

DETERMINANTS OF SOUTH AFRICA'S EXPORTS OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHING PRODUCTS TO SADC: A GRAVITY MODEL APPROACH

Teboho Jeremiah Mosikari, Joel Hinaunye Eita

Leggi l'articolo

Camera di Commercio di Genova
Economia Internazionale / International Economics

< Torna indietro

Autore corrispondente

Teboho Jeremiah MOSIKARI, Department of Economics, North West University, South Africa

Co-Autori

Joel Hinaunye EITA, Department of Economics and Econometrics, University of Johannesburg, South AFrica

Determinants of South Africa's Exports of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing Products to SADC: A Gravity Model Approach

Pagine

253-270

Riassunto

Le determinanti delle esportazioni di prodotti agricoli, della silvicoltura e della pesca dal Sud Africa verso i paesi della Comunità di Sviluppo dell’Africa Meridionale

Obbiettivo di questo studio è quello di esaminare le determinanti delle esportazioni di prodotti agricoli, della silvicoltura e della pesca dalla Repubblica del Sud Africa verso i paesi della Comunità di Sviluppo dell’Africa Meridionale (SADC) attraverso un modello gravitazionale. Questo articolo usa dati annuali che coprono il periodo 2005-2014. Il risultato dello studio indica che il PIL del paese esportatore, la popolazione del paese importatore, l’inflazione del Sud Africa e il tasso di cambio sono in relazione negativa con l’export sudafricano di prodotti agricoli, della silvicoltura e della pesca. Dall’altra parte, il risultato indica che il PIL del paese importatore e la popolazione del paese esportatore hanno un’influenza positiva sull’export sudafricano di  tali prodotti. I risultati implicano che un aumento del PIL determina una minore necessità di esportare. La stabilità dei prezzi e del tasso di cambio così come l’aumento del PIL sono importanti per l’export di questi prodotti.

Classificazione JEL

A10, C01, C51, F30, F36

Parole chiave

Gravity Model, Agricultural Exports, South Africa, SADC

Indice dell'articolo

  1. Introduction
  2. Previous studies
  3. Model specification
  4. Data description and sources
  5. Estimation methods
  6. Empirical results
  7. Conclusion

Bibliografia

Binh, D.T.T., N.V. Duong and H.M. Cuong (2011), “Applying Gravity Model to Analyze Trade Activities of Vietnam”, Forum for Research in Empirical International Trade, Working Paper.
DAFF (2013), “Trends in the Agricultural Sector”, Printed and published by the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries: Pretoria.
Eita, J.H. and A.C. Jordaan (2007), “South Africa Exports of Metal Articles of Base Metals: A Gravity Model Approach”, Journal for Studies in Economics and Econometrics, 31(3), 81-95.
Greene, W. (2013), “Export Potential for U.S. Advanced Technology Goods to India using a Gravity Model Approach”, United States International Trade Commission, Office of Economics Working Paper No. 2013 -03B.
Hadri, K. (2000), “Testing for Stationarity in Heterogeneous Panel Data”, The Econometrics Journal, 3(2), 148-161.
Iqbal, M.H and A.F. Islam (2014), “Determinants of Bilateral Trade between Bangladesh and the European Union: Approach of Gravity Model under the Panel Data”, Issues in Business Management and Economics, 2(5), 087-093.
Jordaan, A.C. and J.H. Eita (2012), “Determinants of South Africa’s Exports of Leather Products”, Agrekon, 51(2), 38-52.
Jordaan, A.C. and P. Kanda (2011), “Analysing the Trade Effects of the EU-SA & SADC Trading Agreements: A Panel Data Approach”, South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences, 14(2), 229-244.
Kwiatkowski, D., P.C.B Phillips, P.Schmidt and Y.  Shin (1992), “Testing the Null Hypothesis of Stationarity against the Alternative of a Unit Root”, Journal of Econometrics, 54(1-3), 159-178.
Levin, A., C.F. Lin and C.S.J Chu (2002), “Unit Root Tests in Panel Data: Asymptotic and Finite-Sample Properties”, Journal of Econometrics 108(1), 1-24.
Lubinga, M.H and B. Kiiza (2013), “Exchange Rate Uncertainty and Bilateral Trade Flows: Insights from Uganda”, Business and Economic Research, 3(1), 227- 229.
Martinez-Zarzoso, I. and F. Nowak-Lehmann (2003), “Augmented Gravity Model: An Empirical Application to Mercosur-European Union Trade Flows”, Journal of Applied Economics, 6(2), 291-316.
Nikbakht, Z. and L. Nikbakht (2011), “The Analysis of Bilateral Trade: the Case of D8”, Business Intelligence Journal, 4(1), 179 -186.
Nilsson, L. (2000), “Trade Integration and the EU Economic Membership Criteria”, European Journal of Political Economy, 16(4), 807-827.
Pham, V.N, N.T. Dao and Q.H. Doan (2014), “Analyzing the Determinants of Services Trade Flow between Vietnam and European Union: Gravity Model Approach”, Munich Personal RePEc Archive (MPRA), MPRA Paper No. 63995.
StatsSA (2014), Employment, Unemployment, Skills and Economic Growth. An Exploration of Household Survey Evidence on Skills Development and Unemployment between 1994 and 2014,  Statistics South Africa: Pretoria.
Suvankulov, F. and W. Ali (2012), “Recent Trends and Prospects of Bilateral Trade between Pakistan and Turkey: A Gravity Model Approach”, Journal of International and Global Economic Studies, 5(1),  57 -72.
Tay, C. (2014), “An Econometric Model on Bilateral Trade in Education using an Augmented Gravity Model”, Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, 7(2), 401-412.
Tinbergen, J. (1962), Shaping the World Economy. Suggestion for an International Economic Policy, The Twentieth Century Fund: New York.
Wall, H.J. (1999), “Using the Gravity Model to Estimate the Costs of Protection”, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review, 81(1), 33-40.
http://www.timeanddate.com, accessed: 24 June 2016.